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  Patronage of the Polish Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics

vol 12. no 3. September 2013  

 Original articles
Anatomical description of the skull of American mink (Neovison vison Schreber, 1777) including morphology of the temporal bone
Krzysztof Krasucki, Karolina Barszcz, Joanna Klećkowska-Nawrot, Jarosław Wysocki

Introduction. Despite considerable interest in the temporal
bone of animals used as experimental models, their anatomy
usually had been described schematically and briefly. Most of
monographic studies of the animal hearing organ anatomy involve
rodents and lagomorphs. Clinical publications in the field
of veterinary medicine simplify or ignore the anatomical issues.
There are only very few extensive anatomical studies accessible
in the world literature, issued as monographs.
Aim. The aim of this study was to describe the morphology of
the temporal bone of the American mink. Relevant literature
provides no detailed descriptions concerning neurocranium of
this species. Comments about sexual dimorphism have been
also included.
Material and methods. Twenty (10 male and 10 female) skulls
of the adult animal individuals were examined. The examinations
comprised observations and linear measurements.
Results. Temporal bone of mink is a lodged bone. It consists
of three parts: petrous, tympanic and squamous. The temporal
bone is adjacent to the occipital, sphenoid, zygomatic and parietal
bones. The morphology of the American mink temporal bone
has a number of features that make it similar to the temporal
bones of other carnivores. The examined dimensional characteristics
did not show any sex-related differences.

keywords: kość skroniowa, mózgowioczaszka, norka amerykańska, temporal bone, neurocranium, American mink

pages: from 148 to 148

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