|Danuta Raj-Koziak, Krzysztof Kochanek, Adam Piłka, Grażyna Bartnik, Anna Fabijańska, Henryk Skarżyński|
Introduction. Tinnitus in children is still rarely discussed in
medical literature. The prevalence of pediatric tinnitus has been
reported to range between 13-37.7%. There is no data in Polish
literature concerning the prevalence of tinnitus in normally
Aim. To estimate the prevalence of the tinnitus in 7 years old
children with normal results of hearing screening test.
Material and methods. In this study, 55201children and
their parents were asked about the presence of tinnitus by
a questionnaire survey. Additionally, children were asked by
the tester if they could hear noise in their ears or head, before
hearing screening test at school had been conducted. The
hearing screening test was performed using an air-conduction
screening audiometer in the 0.5-8 kHz frequency range.
Results. The results show that 7073 (12.8%) parents of
children with normal screening test result reported tinnitus
in their children. The proportion of children who confirmed
experiencing tinnitus when directly asked by the tester was
31.6%. Over 56% of children did not complain of tinnitus
spontaneously to their parents.
Conclusions. Results of our questionnaire survey confirm
that tinnitus is frequent in children. The frequency of tinnitus
recorded in the children’s population is an argument in favour
of the necessity to include regular screening tests intended to
ensure early detection of various hearing impairments, including
tinnitus, into the school health care programs.
keywords: szumy uszne u dzieci, badania przesiewowe słuchu, pediatric tinnitus, hearing screening test
pages: from 171 to 175
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