|Dorota Czech, Małgorzata Malicka, Ewa Kott, Anna Zakrzewska|
Introduction. Pre-school children seem to be particularly
susceptible to upper respiratory tract infections, which represent
a significant health problem in this group of patients.
Aim. The aim of this paper is to assess the incidence of
articulatory disorders in children and their relationship with
recurrent upper respiratory tract infections.
Materials and methods. The study involved in total 63
children aged 3 to 7 with a history of recurrent respiratory tract
infections. The frequency and type of infections was established
and the children’s hearing was tested. Forty three of children
were diagnosed with conductive hypoacusis (study group). Ten
children without hypoacusis were used as controls (group II).
Results. In the study group, 24 (56%) out of 43 children
revealed various phonological speech disorders, as compared
to 3 (30%) in the control group. Thirty per cent of the study
group parents reported hearing disorders, while articulatory
disorders were reported by 50% of those parents. A relationship
was found to occur between the frequency of articulatory
errors, the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections, and
the prevalence of hypoacusis.
Conclusions. Hypoacusis resulting from upper respiratory
tract infections may lead to articulatory disorders at pre-school
age. Furthermore, parents are usually more likely to notice
articulatory disorders than hypoacusis in their children.
keywords: zaburzenia artykulacyjne, infekcje górnych dróg oddechowych, dzieci, articulatory disorders, upper respiratory tract infections, children
pages: from 116 to 120
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