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  Patronage of the Polish Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics

vol 10. no 2. June 2011  

 Review articles
The sign language as a medium of social communication of the deaf people
Paulina Kowalska, Tomasz Durko

For many deaf people the sign language is a way of communication
using gestures and body movements to convey information. The
classic sign language has been created by the deaf themselves to
satisfy their natural need for self-expression. There are several
definitions of the sign language; it is considered to be a set of
measures used by deaf people in the communication between
themselves and with the hearing ones. Body language plays
a special role in communication of the deaf people. It is flexible,
so it can be used by the deaf people and the hearing individuals.
The first reports on the sign language date back to XII century
and the first examples of finger alphabets emerged in XVI
century. However, a dynamic development of finger alphabets
has occurred during the recent 300 years. By 1880, in most
countries, the sign languages have been developed primarily in
the schools for the deaf. There are many societies promoting
the development of the sign language. In the XX century
a major impact on the environment of the deaf was connected
with the activity of the hearing people interacting with those
who were unable to hear. Current education system strives
to alleviate the handicaps of the disabled people. The signed
language is a new tool that allows deaf people fully participate
in the educational process and it is recognized as a full-fledged
tool of communication.

keywords: osoby głuche, język migowy, język migany, język ciała, środek komunikacji, deaf people, sing language, signed language, body language, tool of communication

pages: from 62 to 64

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