|Roman Nowobilski*, Bogdan De Barbaro**, Mariusz Furgał*|
* II Katedra Chorób Wewnętrznych Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, ul. Skawińska 8, 31-066 Kraków
** Zakład Terapii Rodzin, Katedra Psychiatrii CMUJ, ul. Kopernika 21a, 31-501 Kraków
Aim of study. The aim of the study was to assess the depression and other psychopathological symptoms in asthmatic outpatients in relation to the disease severity as well as some sociodemographic parameters.
Material and methods. The study involved 60 consecutive and unselected outpatients with bronchial asthma, from mild to severe. The methods included a structural interview, spirometry, assessment of the level of dyspnea. The psychological status was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory BDI (index of depression), Spielberger Questionnaire (index of anxiety), Eysenck Inventory (Maudsley Personality Inventory).
Results. The level of depression was positively correlated with severity of bronchial asthma (p=0.04), anxiety (p<0.001, rho=0.76), some sociodemographic parameters and level of neurotics (p<0.001, rho=0.57). Relationship between the level of depression and index of saturation (pulse oximetry) was rather weak (p=0.027, rho=-0.29).
Conclusions. The presence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in asthmatics indicate that including the subjective dimension into the diagnostic process is necessary. Adequate treatment when these psychopathological symptoms are diagnosed should be implemented. Alergia Astma Immunologia, 2002, 7(4), 211-215
keywords: depresja, lęk, astma oskrzelowa, psychologia kliniczna, psychiatria, depression, anxiety, bronchial asthma, clinical psychology, psychiatry
pages: from 211 to 215
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