|Edward Rudzki, Krystyna Parapura, Magdalena Czubalska1|
Klinika Dermatologiczna AM w Warszawie, ul. Koszykowa 82a, 02-008 Warszawa
1) Oddział Kardiologii Szpitala Bielańskiego im. ksiedza Jerzego Popiełuszki, ul. Cegłowska 80, 01-009 Warszawa
Perfumes (fragrances) belong to the most frequent contact allergens. Practically all cosmetics, other than those which are claimed to be hypoallergic, contain small amount of fragrances. Sensitizing fragrances are used in many types of cosmetics: perfumes products, colognes, deodorants, after shave lotions, shampoos, eye shadows, creams and even children's cosmetics. Perfumes are also present in soaps, detergents and household products. In many countries (also in Poland) increase of contact sensitivity to fragrances is noted. This rising trend might be the consequence of an increased use of cosmetics in population. In perfumes more than 300 constituents, mostly simple chemical substances provokes cosmetic dermatitis. Pattern of dermatitis from perfumes is different in individual patients. Sometimes skin changes are confined to face (more frequently in women) or hands (more frequently in men), but in many patients also neck, ears, axilla or anogenital area are involved. Cosmetic dermatitis is observed more often in women than in men.
Food allergy due to fragrances is extremely rare.
The article reviews the prevalence, clinics and diagnostics of perfume allergy.
Alergia Astma Immunologia, 2002, 7(4), 165-169
keywords: alergia kontaktowa, balsam peruwiański, kosmetyki, mieszanina perfumowa, perfumy, contact allergy, Peru balsam, cosmetics, perfume mix., fragrances
pages: from 165 to 169
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