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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 4. no 4. December 1999  

 Original articles
Toxocara seropositivity in children with atopic diseases
Anna Stańczyk, Jarosław Wlazłowski, Dorota Kardas-Sobantka, Danuta Chlebna-Sokół

Parasitic nematode infestation and atopic disease have in common both elevated immunoglobulin E (IgE ) concentration and eosinophilia. The aim of our study was to evaluate the occurence of toxocariasis in 73 children and adolescents with asthma and allergic seasonal and nonseasonal rhinitis. The control group comprised 30 children in whom medical history, physical examination and additional examinations results enabled us to exclude allergic diseases. Toxocariasis was diagnosed on the basis of possitive results of serological tests (ELISA IgG). In 10 children the serological tests were positive for Toxocara canis(catis) (in 9/73 children with atopy and in 1/30 child in control group). It should be noted that none of the children showed clinical or laboratory symptoms of the visceral larva migrans syndrome. The occurence of toxocariasis among children with atopic diseases was around 12%.
Due to the lack of specific symptoms of parasitic infestation, we recommended screening of children with atopic diseases for parasitic diseases.

keywords: toksokaroza; atopia; przeciwciała przeciw Toxocara canis, toxocariasis; atopy; serrological tests

pages: from 251 to 254

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