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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 4. no 4. December 1999  

 Bronchial asthma
Gastroesophageal reflux and asthma: a review of pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy
D. S. Theodoropoulos, R. F. Lockey, H. W. Boyce Jr, S. C. Bukantz

Gastroesophagel reflux disease (GERD) occurs in up to one-third of the adult US population. Most affected individuals are either una ware of their condition or do not seek medical help, relying on nonprescription acid suppressants and antacids for relief. GERD, a common disorder of infancy, old age, and pregnancy, is particularly prevalent in patients with asthma. A casual relationship between the two diseases has been postulated by many investigators. The physiologic changes of asthma exacerbations and the actions of some of the medications used to treat asthma both aggravate GERD. The adverse effect of GERD on asthma and the pathophysiology of this relationship are still under debate. Some studies showed no objective improvement by spirometry of asthmatics treated for GERD, but recognized improvemrnt in asthma symptoms and decreased use of asthma medication. Other studies, supporting GERD induction of asthma, have been performed to test two hypotheses: that asthma is exacerbated by endotracheal aspiration of gastric contents or by a reflex response to stimulation of esophageal receptors. Clinical experience has shown that early diagnosis and treatment of GERD often leads to better control of asthma.

keywords: choroba refluksowa; zwieracz dolny przełyku; układ niecholinergiczny i nieadrenergiczny; przepływ szczytowy; inhibitor pompy protonowej, gastroesophageal reflux disease; lower esophageal sphincter; nonadrenergic noncholinergic system; peak expiratory flow

pages: from 227 to 238

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