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Allergology Review

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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 20. no 1. January 2015  

 Original articles
Characteristics of pruritus and the assessment of the relationship between its severity and selected psychological parameters in contact dermatitis patients
Magdalena Świnoga, Anna Zalewska-Janowska

Introduction. Contact dermatitis is one of the most common dermatological
diseases associated with annoying and chronic symptoms, including
pruritus, which is thought to be the most troublesome one. Its
negative effect is noticeable in patients’ physical functioning as well as in
their mental condition. Thus, it seems essential to identify factors affecting
pruritus severity.
Aim. The aim of our study was to assess the pruritus level as well as to
evaluate the correlation between its severity and emotional suppression
rate, the preference for stress coping strategies and physical and mental
functioning in a group of contact dermatitis patients.
Materials and methods. Thirty subjects (23 women and 7 men, age
range 18-65 years; mean age 45±15.2) were included in the study. The
participants were asked to answer psychological questionnaires evaluating
selected psychological parameters. They also assessed their pruritus
severity on visual analogue scale (VAS) and filled in Questionnaire of Descriptive
Assessment of Pruritus (J. Szepietowski, A. Reich). The results
were statistically analyzed.
Results. There was a significant positive correlation (r=0.40) between
pruritus severity and the anger suppression rate (CESC G), as well as
a statistically significant negative correlation between pruritus severity
and stress coping strategy associated with seeking of social contacts. No
statistically significant relationships were noted between the remaining
evaluated parameters.
Conclusion. An adequate anger expression as well as of adaptive stress
coping strategies could decrease pruritus severity in patients with contact

keywords: wyprysk kontaktowy, świąd, stres, tłumienie emocji,contact dermatitis, pruritus, stress, emotional suppression

pages: from 57 to 57

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