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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 16. no 2. June 2011  

 Review articles
Influence of dwellings on the allergic diseases prevalence and clinical signs
Ewa Bogacka

Energy-efficient construction came into existence in the wake of the
1973 oil crisis. At the same time, the western lifestyle has led people,
mainly children and the elderly, to spend 90% of time indoors, in more
and more ‘tight’ buildings, that is with less and less air exchange with
the outdoor air. The modern tight structures are the environment
conducive to dampness, increase in the concentration of combustion
gases, particulate matter (PM), man-made fibres (MMF), volatile organic
compounds (VOC), and to the growth of living organisms: bacteria,
viruses, mites and mould. None of the factors usually reaches such
indoor concentrations that would be dangerous to human health,
with the exception of formaldehyde, the dangerous concentration
of which may appear in newly built or renovated buildings. However,
the coincidence of several factors in the same building may lead to
synergistic damage to human health called the sick building syndrome
(SBS). Many studies have been developed to demonstrate the relationship
between indoor air quality (IAQ) and various health conditions
of the inhabitants, which WHO listed among building-related illnesses
(BRI). The prevalence and severity of allergic diseases is often related to
the poor air quality in houses. The SBS’s noxious factors act in diverse
ways – they may affect redox systems, epithelial homeostasis, C-fibers
irritation and mucosa dryness. The following article discusses redox
imbalance, neurogenic inflammation, epithelial damage, irritation and
dryness of the skin and mucous tissue, which may occur in people
exposed to indoor environment of poor quality.

keywords: zespół chorego budynku, cząsteczki pyłu zawieszonego organiczne substancje lotne, jakość powietrza wewnątrz pomieszczeń, klimatyzacja, sick building syndrome (SBS), particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOC), indoor air quality (IAQ), humid

pages: from 75 to 79

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