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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 16. no 1. March 2011  

 Review articles
The role of avoidance of seasonal allergens in management of allergies
Krzysztof Buczyłko

The search for effective methods of seasonal allergens avoidance is
a big challenge for investigators. The evidence of harmfulness of seasonal,
cross-reactive allergens and allied allergens needs to be examined.
Still only few studies provide information of the effectiveness
of the undertaken actions. However, the elimination is recommended
by EAACI and WHO/IUIS (IUIS – International Union of Immunological
Societies) standards. According to formulated resolutions, allergic
rhinitis symptoms can be reduced due to: awareness of the present
and expected pollen count, the avoidance of plant-rich areas (holidays
at the seaside or in the mountains), the disposal of allergen
reservoirs in rooms, using polymer lecithin covering (which may decrease
pollen adherence), anti-pollen HEPA filters in cars and houses,
the avoidance of biking and walking on sunny days, the avoidance
of opening windows in vehicles and in the house, and the avoidance
of camping when pollen concentration is high, using sunglasses,
changing clothes and taking shower (in order to clean the body off
pollens), the avoidance of air-drying and mowing, etc. Several methods
used together will guarantee better results. No elimination of
pollens may lead to unsuccessful immunotherapy. Allergy prevention
among healthy people requires also the education of society, as well
as the monitoring of pollen and mould. Tha effective elimination of
allergens must be as specific as the selection of the immunotherapy

keywords: pyłek roślin, spory pleśni, unikanie, usuwanie, skuteczność, plant pollen, moulds spore, avoidance, remove, efficacy

pages: from 17 to 23

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