|Anna Stańczyk-Przyłuska, Daniela Giurowa, Małgorzata Stańczyk, Jerzy Arendarczyk, Marek L. Kowalski, Krzysztof Zeman, Jan Wilczyński |
Introduction. Breastfeeding is recommended during the first
6 months of an infant life. Moreover, it has been suggested that breastfeeding
may prevent the development of some atopic diseases, especially
in the first year of life.
Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and length
of breastfeeding in children born in families with positive history of
allergy comparing to families with the negative one.
Material and methods. 503 children were examined. These children
participated in the European project ‘EuroPrevall – food allergy across
Results. 41,1% children had positive family history of allergy. More
than 90% mothers started to breastfeed immediately after their
child’s birth, and during the following months the percentage of
breastfeeding mothers gradually decreased. This was more visible in
families with negative family history of allergy, and the differences
between two groups were statistically significant only after 1 month.
Breastfeeding was strongly associated with mother’s educational
status. Women with higher education level breastfed longer (% vs %)
and more frequently (% vs %) than women with lower one.” zostanie
zastąpione zdaniem „Women with higher educational level breastfed
longer (6,82 vs 3,51 month) and more frequently (92% vs 73%) than
women with lower educational level.
Conclusions. Children at risk for atopy are breastfed more frequently
and longer than children in families with negative family history of
allergy. Mother’s educational status significantly affects the decision
about starting and continuing breastfeeding.
keywords: karmienie piersią, niemowlęta, dodatni atopowy wywiad rodzinny, ujemny atopowy wywiad rodzinny, breastfeeding, infants, positive atopy family history, negative atopic family history
pages: from 208 to 213
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