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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 15. no 4. December 2010  

 Review articles
Characteristics of mucosal lymphatic tissue associated with gastrointestinal tract and respiratory system
Joanna Działo, Paulina Niedźwiedzka-Rystwej, Agata Mękal, Wiesław Deptuła

MALT is the system of pivotal meaning to mucosal structures of the
organisms of mammals. These structures comprise a huge area and
are constantly being exposed to antigens. Within MALT there are
lymphoid tissues that protect different parts of the organism. One
of the well-known elements of MALT is GALT tissue, which takes care
of mucosal structures of the gastrointestinal tract. In the respiratory
system (in continuous contact with antigens), there are two types of
MALT tissue. One is NALT – it protects the upper part of respiratory
tract, and the other one is BALT – it protects the lower parts, especially
bronchus. Those structures constitute an important element
of the immunity system against endless number of antigens, on the
effect of which the organism is still exposed. This paper describes
GALT, NALT and BALT as crucial factors of the proper functioning of
the organism.

keywords: odporność, MALT, GALT, NALT, BALT, immunity

pages: from 197 to 202

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