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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 14. no 4. December 2009  

 Original articles
The case of Amaranthus retroflexus allergy
Aneta Wagner, Krzysztof Buczyłko, Cezary Chwała

The authors present – the first in literature – case study of anaphylactic
reaction due to allergy caused by redroot amaranth (Amaranthus
retroflexus). In the available literature only few reports concerning
allergy to other species of Amaranth in India and Mexico populations
have been found. Despite cross-reactivity between amaranth and
goosefoot (Chenopodium) epitopes, the allergy reactions in Polish
populations were not reported. The featured case study of mild anaphylactic
reaction in a patient was related to his agricultural work on
a beetroot farm. The redroot amaranth plants occurred abundantly
among redroots. The performed diagnostics showed that the patient
was allergic to trees, grasses, other weeds and food allergens. There
was no relation found with trees blossoming at the time of the
occurrence, nor with foods consumed. The scratch test with native
amaranth showed severe allergic reaction. The featured case study
shows that significant causes of allergic anaphylactic reactions can
sometimes be related to some very rare allergens, despite common
allergies to tree pollen, grass pollen, weed pollen or food allergens.
Allergy to Amaranthus species is likely to occur within a group of
patients who work in agriculture or gardening, as this plant is often
used as a dietary ingredient or house plant.

keywords: szarłat szorstki, alergia, anafilaksja, redroot pigweed, allergy, anaphylaxis

pages: from 263 to 265

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