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  Authority of Polish Society of Allergology

vol 12. no 2. June 2007  

 Original articles
Uczulenia poliwalentne i monowalentne na alergeny pyłku roślin u chorych z alergią

Introduction. The high prevalence and changing profile of pollen allergy justify investigation of the spectrum of allergens sensitizing patients with seasonal asthma and/or rhinoconjunctivitis.
Aim of the study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the spectrum of sensitization to pollen allergens among patients with clinical manifestations of seasonal allergy.
Material and methods. In patients referred to allergy clinic with diagnosis of pollen allergy the results of skin prick tests performed with panels of individual pollen allergens were analyzed.
Results. Among 216 patients with suspected tree allergy, the most prevalent was sensitization to birch (81%). Among 260 patients with grass allergy sensitization to individual grasses was revealed in 94,2% to 96,5% without predominance of particular species. In patients with suspected allergy to weeds (n=181) the most common was sensitization to mugwort (80,1%) and goosefoot (75,1%); high rate of sensitization to ragweed allergen (41,4%) was noted. Sensitization to single allergen (monosensitization) was revealed in 10,65% of patients with allergy to trees, in 3,03% of patients sensitized to weeds and in 0,8 % of patients sensitized to grasses or wheat.
Conclusion. Our results suggest that testing pollen sensitive patients only with allergen mixtures may not be sufficient for proper diagnosis of pollen allergy.

keywords: alergia, pyłkowica, testy skórne, uczulenia monowalentne, uczulenia poliwalentne, pollen allergy, skin prick tests, monosenitization, polysenstization

pages: from 81 to 86

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