Despite constant progress in medicine, doctor’s examination continues to be the most important part in diagnosing allergic diseases, including the respiratory tract ones. Taking an accurate, complete medical history is the cornerstone of an effective preliminary diagnosis. The physical examination is the process by which the physician, using inspection, auscultation, percussion, and palpation, investigates the body of a patient for signs confirming his/her subjective complaints as well as for objective symptoms in respiratory organs. In case of asthma lungs auscultation with stethoscope remains an irreplaceable method. Additional tests performed to diagnose respiratory tract diseases include pulmonary function tests (PFT) which are particularly significant due to confirming medical history data and the results of lung physical examination. When diagnosing asthma spirometry is the most important one among PFT.
keywords: alergia, astma, badania czynnościowe układu oddechowego, allergy, asthma, pulmonary function tests
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